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The Benefits of SAP Access Risk Rule Set Customisation

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The Benefits of SAP Access Risk Rule Set Customisation

November 09
17:57 2021

Soterion recently conducted a study to find out how many organisations have customised their SAP access risk rule set. Surprisingly, more than half of the companies surveyed haven’t customised their rule sets and are still using the vendor’s out-the-box standard rule set. This discovery comes as a surprise considering SAP access risk rule set customisation is a common recommendation by many of the Big 4 audit firms.

SAP access risk rule sets typically contain risks for categories such as Segregation of Duties (SOD), Critical Transactions and Data Privacy.

For many organisations, the advantages of customising your SAP access risk rule set aren’t immediately apparent.

Here are 3 Benefits of SAP Access Risk Rule Set Customisation

1. Reduce the cost and effort of managing irrelevant risks

The out-the-box rule set has been defined for all industries and chances are these are not all going to be applicable to your organisation’s needs. Every access risk in the rule set requires some level of effort (which has a cost implication) to manage. By removing risks that are not applicable to your organisation, you will reduce the effort and costs involved in managing those risks. 

2. Get better coverage of all your processes

The out-the-box rule sets generally cover the main business processes such as Procure to Pay, Order to Cash, Finance, Materials Management, and Hire to Retire. But some of the not-so-common business processes such as IS Health, Media, Insurance, and Global Trade Services are not included in many of the out-the-box rule sets. By adding these risks to the rule set, your organisation has better coverage of all your processes.

The more common scenario with regard to updating the rule set is adding custom functionality. As out-the-box rule sets do not contain any custom (Z tcodes) transactions, it is important to add these to the rule set. For example, if the organisation has created a custom version of VA01 (e.g. ZVA01) if this performs a similar function to VA01 and allows the users to create Sales Orders, it should be added to the rule set.

3. Get more business buy-in for GRC activities

As detailed above, when using an out-the-box rule set, many of the risks are not relevant to your organisation. What often happens is business users lose confidence in GRC activities because they don’t agree with the risk that they are being asked to monitor.

For those organisations who struggle to get the necessary business buy-in and participation from their business users in GRC activities, a rule set customisation exercise has significant benefits to addressing this challenge in several ways: 

– Monitoring relevant and applicable risks: monitoring risks that the business believe in will enhance their participation and buy-in. This will raise the organisation’s risk awareness.

– Building understanding of business impact: A big challenge for many organisations is that business users do not understand the SOD access risks, resulting in actions being taken without fully understanding the consequences or impact it will have on the business. Rule set projects are usually workshop based where business users and functional consultants discuss and analyse each risk. This is a useful educational exercise where each SOD risk is explained in detail and how fraud can potentially be committed with the conflicting combination of access.

– Defining a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP): As it is unlikely that the organisation can operate without any risk violations, there will be a number of end users who will have access risks. When a user requests additional access that is in conflict with access they already have, it’s unclear whether the access requested can be approved. As a result, these types of requests often sit in the reviewer’s inbox for several days.

It’s important to define a policy for risk levels i.e. what is the rule for a simulation for each risk level? Part of the rule set customisation is to define these rules (SOP). 

By defining these types of guidelines, your business users are able to make quicker decisions on whether the additional access requested can be approved. This reduces the time that SAP access change requests sit in a manager’s inbox waiting to be approved, which ultimately reduces the business downtime (end-user waiting for requested access) saving your organisation valuable time and costs.

Whether you need assistance with customising your out-the-box SAP access risk rule set or advice on where to start, Soterion’s team of SAP experts can assist with your unique requirements and help you implement more effective GRC. Visit our website or email us at [email protected] to get started.

About Soterion

Soterion is an international leading provider of SAP Governance, Risk and Compliance (GRC) solutions. Soterion’s user-friendly GRC solutions provide SAP customers with in-depth access risk reporting to allow organisations to effectively manage their access risk exposure. Soterion is passionate about simplifying the GRC processes, with a focus on translating this complexity into a business-friendly language to enhance better decision making and business accountability. The software provides immediate integration into the SAP environment allowing organisations to keep up with the market while effectively managing risk. Our easy-to-learn, plug-and-play software is S/4HANA ready, offers a beautiful graphical user interface and boasts an award-winning user experience. As access risk is business risk, Soterion believes that effective GRC is measured by how well the business users can carry out their access risk management activities. Our business-friendly GRC solution enhances the organisation’s overall risk awareness by empowering business buy-in and accountability of access risk.

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